I am interested in abstracting imagery from a variety of working processes, and putting these into movement on film. The imagery is either drawn by hand frame-by-frame directly onto paper before shooting on film, or captured and modified by hand for a frame-by-frame film production. I work so that each short animated film engages the audience's perception and educates that perception on how the work must be viewed. My works therefore are not structured as commercial narratives, but are, rather, graphic musings on themes like: acceleration, the starry sky, looking, landscape. Continuities in my film are not provided by assembly-line smoothness, but by movement, sound design, argument, and emotion.