Thoughts sound good

If sometimes

They’re nicely cast

In old-style rhymes




Words, words, I love all words.

They open for me whole new worlds.

Words can sound or just be silent,

Make us vicious, and even violent.

They can shock, and be daring,

They can soothe, and be inspiring.

They can be lofty, they can be lovely,

They can be uttered clearly and coolly.

Spoken with anger, stated as rules

By people wise, and even fools.

They can be rich and be readable

They can be powerful, and be punnable,

Words are interesting, informative,

Imaginative, instigative.

Words can be crude or be colorful,

They can be big and be beautiful,

Long and separable,

Short or laughable.

Lots of fun from words I reap.

They're really, really, really cheap.

For dollars few one can hook

Thousands of words in a big fat book.

I while away lots of time

Constructing lines that simply  rhyme.


In the pages to follow, see what I've done,

Read them, recite them, you may have fun!









1. Faith is an anchor: it keeps you on shore;

  Doubt is a sail: it helps you explore.           


2.Those who swear that faith is true

  Have their own faith in view.            


3.If a person's heart you wish to break

  Try that person's faith to shake.                


4.Wreck not a faith that is deep,

  If you can't offer ought else to keep.                   


5.They’re targets oft of peoples' hate

  Who a people’s faith do desecrate.              


6.When pain and sorrow afflict the mind

  In faith can one solace find.             


7.Faith can't cure all physical ills;

  But other needs it amply fills.           


8.Gods above can't subsist

  If faith below doesn’t exist.             


9.Faith isn’t belief with no proof for it;

  It’s belief with proof for the opposite.


10.Faith accepts without asking for reason,

  As one eats one's meal without thought of poison.




1.Not facts, but values are what one finds

  In the myths and tales of ancient minds.      


2.Science's proofs and obscure theories        

  Aren't as soothing as age-old stories.          


3.Devils and spirits are called by us          

  Bacteria, germs and viruses.                       


4.Myths and spooks of ancient folks

  Perhaps were their dreams and jokes.


5.Myths were stories serious

  To explain the world that's around us.         


6.Who take mythologies as really true,

  Can get wild and combative too.        


7.Myths are often tales delightful:

  Deep-felt visions, oft insightful.       


8.The most ancient gods in human history

  Are filled with magic, myth and mystery.     


9.We accept the God of our kin and kith;

What others worship, we call a myth.   


10.Myths see the world in terms too stark:

  As good and bad, as light and dark.             





1.Whether God is or not a hypothesis,

  God is joy and love and source of bliss.


2.The world has but a single Boss

  Who sets our life and gain and loss.                                


 3. God is not a spy in the sky,

  Watching thoughts and deeds from up on high.                 


4.Music is one, but tunes are countless.

  Icons are many, but God is formless.


 5.Fear not the God Who is above:

  For God is only mercy and love.


6.Rain and thunder, sun and sky

  May be the only gods on high.           


7.If a God there be, He must embrace

  Saints and sinners of every race.                         


8.God said, "Let a Big Bang Blast!"

  That's how the world, it came at last.


9.God thought, “Let there be sound!”

  Then said, “Let e.m. waves be all around.”    


10.Is God a He or is God a She?

  Some think they know, but don’t ask me!      








1.Faith is an anchor: it keeps you on shore;

Doubt is a sail: it helps you explore.              


2.Those who swear that faith is true

Have their own faith in view.               


3.If a person's heart you wish to break

Try that person's faith to shake.                  


4.Wreck not a faith that is deep,

If you can't offer ought else to keep.                     


5.They’re targets oft of peoples' hate

Who a people’s faith do desecrate.                


6.When pain and sorrow afflict the mind

In faith can one solace find.                


7.Faith can't cure all physical ills;

But other needs it amply fills.             


8.Gods above can't subsist

If faith below doesn’t exist.                


9.Faith isn’t belief with no proof for it;

It’s belief with proof for the opposite.


10.Faith accepts without asking for reason,

As one eats one's food without checking for poison.




1.Not facts, but values are what one finds

In the myths and tales of ancient minds.        


2.Science's proofs and obscure theories        

Aren't as soothing as age-old stories.            


3.Devils and spirits are called by us          

Bacteria, germs and viruses.                          


4.Myths and spooks of ancient folks

Perhaps were their dreams and jokes.   


5.Myths were stories serious

To explain the world that's around us. 


6.Who take mythologies as really true,

Can get crazy and combative too.        


7.Myths are often tales delightful:

Deep-felt visions, oft insightful.


8.The most ancient gods in human history

Are filled with magic, myth and mystery.       


9.True God belongs to our kin and kith;

          What others pray to, we call a myth.   


10.Myths see the world in terms too stark:

As good and bad, as light and dark.               





1.Whether God is or not a hypothesis,

God is joy and love and source of bliss.


2.The world has but a single Boss

Who sets our life and gain and loss.                                  


 3.God is not a spy in the sky,

Watching thoughts and deeds from up on high.         


4.Music is one, but tunes are countless.

Icons are many, but God is formless.


 5.Fear not the God Who is above:

For God is only mercy and love.


6.Rain and thunder, sun and sky

May be the only gods on high.              


7.If a God there be, He must embrace

Saints and sinners of every race.                            


8.God said, "Let a Big Bang Blast!"

That's how the world, it came at last.


9.God said, “Let the world shine in many ways

With matter, energy in time and space!,”        


10.God said, "E.M. waves, let there be,

Of which a part humans can see!"






1.       Religions talk of heaven and hell

          As where in future we all will dwell.                       


 2.      No prophet's words are widely read

          That warm admirers haven't spread.


3.       Religions begin to degenerate

          When all they do is God venerate.                 


4.       Jesus, Buddha, Mohammed, Moses

          Ate and slept like the rest of us.                   


5.       When they hunted and lived in caves

          They had no priests or rites, or even graves.


6.       Pure truth in religion, if you wish to find

          Keep all  history out of mind.


7.       Of gods and scriptures we find no trace

          'Mong the early hunters of the human race.    


8.       Reject not religions of the past.

          Change and expand to make them last.            


9.       Who authored sacred scriptures’ pages

          Were scientific theorists of bygone ages.


10.     There’s not a single faith indeed

          That fought not with another sacred creed.




1.       Fanatics can be dangerous

          If  power they secure over us.   


 2.      Religious groups are good, you'll find;

          When not close to others of a different kind.


3.       For the true believer, this is the test:

          He is sure his belief is the best.          


4.       If some religious folks have power indeed,

          They’ll dictate what one must and must not read.               


5.       "God is great!" some loud exclaim;

          Then fight and kill and also maim.                  


6.       Self-righteous fervor is a force indeed

          That provokes wars as much as greed.  


7.       Religious bigots are arrogant

          And of history they're ignorant.                   


8.       Of modern science, they know not aught,        

          Who cling for ever to ancient thought. 


9.       Religions have a role to play,

          But on everything, should they have a say?     


10.     Religion is narrow if it doesn't care

          For the poor and the hungry who're out there.




1.       How can  asses that can only bray

          Know the joys of those who pray?        


2.       Scriptures must only be read.

          Dissect them, and they will be dead.


3.       Prayer in truth is an effort to find

          A cosmic link for soul and mind.           


4.       The joys and thrills of God's embrace

          Are beyond those who have no grace.   


5.       Prayer isn't to solve problems fast,

          But to merge oneself with the cosmos vast.              


6.       When all is well, and there's nothing to fear,

          Not many pray for God to be near.               


7.       When it's hard for one with life to cope,

          Who prays to God gets some hope.                 


8.       When we’re alone with danger around,

          Then can the value of prayer be found.


9.       Prayer to God needn't always be

          A meek, beseeching, helpless plea.                 


10.     Prayer is a one-way mode to converse

          With the substratum of the universe.   




1.       From molecules came life and love:

          This, wondrous more than Heaven above!


2.       Knowledge of a star’s essence

          Robs us not of a mystic sense.


3.       Ecstasy is the orgasmic joy

          That mystics get with the cosmic toy.


4.       Reason brings to mind some light,

          Mystic merger brings delight.


5.       Not all mystics are just fakes,

          Though muddled minds may make  mistakes.


6.       Science’s truths can all be bared;

          Mystic's joy can't be shared.


7.       Mystics do some truths proclaim;

          But not all mystics say the same.


8.       Science without a mystic feeling

          Is like medicine without too much healing.


9.       Mystic feeling is like passing greeting:

          Deep-felt, but it's all too fleeting.


10.     Mystic joy without God or creed

          Is like morality without laws, indeed.





1.Hindus say there's many a way

To search for God, and to pray.           


2.The Judaic faith has this to say:

They're true to God who His laws obey!         


3.The message of Christ is short indeed:

Be kind and helpful to those in need.              


4.They call themselves devout Jains

Whose religion feels for creatures’ pains.      


5.The Buddha's wisdom may be seen

In his simple rule of the Golden Mean.           


6.God is great, Islam has said;

His sole messenger: Prophet Mohammed.         


7.The Sikhs say inner peace to find

We must follow the Master, keep God in mind.


8.Respect land and trees, rain and dew:

This is religion enough in Amerindian's view.


9.Chinese wisdom, it would seem

Is to be with Nature, follow the stream.


10.Be good and kind, take rational ways:

This is all that matters, the humanist says.     






1. ART


1.      Art is statement of a deep-felt truth,

        That also happens to please and soothe.


2.      It's humans who make and evaluate

        A work of art as bad or great.


3.     Music isn't just note and beat;

        But sound that's soothing and also sweet.


4.      Stories that are widely read

        Are harmless lies, all nicely said.


5.     A beautiful face is a thing of joy:

        Of man or woman, of girl or boy.


6.     People enjoy plays cause they partake

        Of dialogues they can't themselves make.


7.     The power of words is what is seen

        In a poet's painting of a scene.


8.     No art, no science, no dance, no song,

        If one hasn't has food for way too long.


9.     By oneself one makes a work of art

        A scientist's work, of the whole is part.


10.   Meaning behind truth by art is shown;

        Truth behind facts by science is known.




1.       Speech and actions fade away;

          But written words for long will stay.             


2.       Books that gather dust in dark

          May also light a sudden spark.             


3.       Books and logic, we do not need.

          The poor and hungry to clothe and feed.                  


4.       A stranger is like a book unread.

          Dull or lively, it can't be said.   


5.       Humans are the only creatures

          That write and read literatures.


6.       Deeds  of saints through books and sounds     

          Grow in time by leaps and bounds.       


7.       Repeating just what books have said

          Is like paying homage to people dead.


8.       Some books belong to every nation:

          They’ve changed the face of civilization.                 


9.       Humans are more than atoms the way

          A book is more than words, I'll say.              


10.     To know the thoughts of a brilliant mind,

Read a book it wrote, if you can find.





1.       Moral codes aren't meant to find                                     

          Knowledge to light up the mind.            


2.       Comfort, control, come from wealth.

          But wealth unshared is but stealth.      


3.       One can’t with logic justify

          How love and kindness sanctify.


4.       Ought in excess, even of laughter

          Brings pain or gloom not long after.     


5.       An extremist stand, on whatever cause,                

          Will likely cause some pain or loss.                


6.       Conscious hurting of another life

          Is an evil sharp as any knife.               


7.       Sex and love are not the same;

          With love goes never blame or shame.  


8.       Pleasures are for only you;

          Joys, for sharing with others too.                 


9.       Those who deal in deadly drugs

          Are viler than the vilest thugs.            


10.     The simplest moral rule is one:

          Willful harm must ever be done.





1.       Play on sounds, if you can afford;

          The pun is mightier than the word.


2.       The Chinese tongue is hard for you?

Yet millions speak it, and children too.


3.       Another language beyond your own

Opens the mind to worlds unknown.                


4.       People holding different views,

Don’t mean the same by the words they use.


5.       What to Romans it was simply sex,

          To the Greeks the same was in fact hex.


6.       The fiery word can arouse a mob

To peace or war, to save or rob.


7.       Though to the bard we’re much beholden,

          Yes speech is silver, eloquence golden.


8.       Vibrations in air, when ought we say,

          Thoughts and meanings do convey.


9.       Sounds from the mouth have of course

          Could even change history’s course.


10.     Like beauty from the sculptor's stone

          The poet makes beauty from words alone.






1.       Pity the man who once had fame;

          Which, having lost, now lives in shame.           


 2.      Punishment follows not the crime;

Save when one is caught in time.          


3.       Some say it’s murder weird and wild

          When a woman wants to abort her child.                  


4.       Lawyers’ wits are what decide

          The outcome when a case is tried.


5.       Equal justice for must be done:

          Not penalty same for everyone.


6.       If no one  steals and no one robs,

          Police and lawyers will be out of jobs. 


7.       Crimes are caused no doubt by roots,

          As much as roots lead to rotten fruits. 


8.       The lawyer who can better argue

          Shows the Truth, in a jury’s view.


9.       Society gets into a sorry state

When the crime-prone in government permeate.


10.     Cut off the channel for the flow of semen,

Of men who rape helpless women.




1.       Laboring folks are choked to death

          By the unchecked greed of some for wealth.   


2.       The wealth of nations does arise

From capital and free enterprise.                 


3.       More pitiful than lack of sense

          Is economic dependence.                     


4.       Money is power, but also a tool.

          May be wisely used, or like a fool.       


5.       The science known as economics

Can be serious stuff or just some tricks.                 


6.       An idea or thing can easily sell

If it's packaged and  presented well.


7.       Of what good is a whole pot of gold

          If you can’t of it get a hold?


8.       We often pour milk down the sink

          When starving children have naught to drink.


9.       We need a system that erases

          Hungry looks on all people's faces.  


10.     Economics is concerned more with wealth

          Than happiness, fairness or moral health.




1.       History isn't a list of dates;

          But a peoples' fortunes and their fates.                  


2.       There have been horrors in the past;

Their effects mustn't be made to last.           


3.       The ancients didn't through telescopes peek,

          That's why we have a seven day week.  


4.       The greater a people's achievements

          The shabbier their alien encroachments.        


5.       When it comes to past acts of shame,

          Most races and people are the same.              


6.       Greater the good a culture has brought

          Worse the evil that it has wrought.      


7.       All people’s history oft speaks loud

          Of greats of whom they feel proud.               


8.       When one's recent laurels aren't so vast,

          One tends to extol the distant past.              


9.       Civilization often springs

          From obsession with way-out things.                        


10.     Ideas die, however great

          If there’s no one them to propagate.    




1.       News is not a fairy tale,

          But gossip on a larger scale.      


2.       The views you think are yours indeed

          Come from TV, papers, and things your read.           


3.       Once news was simply what happened;

          Now it also tells us to what secret end.


4.       Time, once come, can't again be seen

          Unless it’s the news magazine.                       


5.       If in ancient times they'd had TV,

Christ and Buddha we still could see.                       


6.       News is not meant a story to tell,

          But a commodity that they can sell.


7.       Crime and violence make the news,

          And the journalists’ private views.


8.       During a day how many times

          Do we read and hear of terrible crimes!


9.       Let there be a week when we don’t report

          Violence, crimes and what’s fit for court.


10.     Anchormen think the world can’t survive

          If they show up not on TV live.




1.       On a race or nation if a statement is strong,

          Most likely it's funny or just plain wrong.                        


2.       You may be right, yet make not a case

          To speak too low of another race.


3.       Apartheid was heinous crime

          'Cause 'twas out of tune with its Time.


4.       Powerless rage of a mindless band

          Oft burns the flag of another land.               


5.       Blessed the land which does not swing

To the left or right extreme wing.       


6.       To change a group's or a people's ingrained way

          Within their system one must stay.


7.       Race and religion, more than mind,

          Can a people closely bind.


8.       A successful people is often bound

          By common purpose and values sound.


9.       The cultures of the world, I say,

          Are like flowers in a big bouquet.


10.     East is East, and West is West;

What's yet to come can be the best.    




1.       They're fools, not traitors, who to spurn

          Their country, its flags do burn.          


2.       Free thought comes to a deadly stop

          When fanatics reach a nation's top.                        


3.       Once a year, all nations should

          Speak of their foes what’s only good.                                


4.       With freedom's mighty magic chain

          We can climb up and also go down the drain.  


5.       Communism has failed indeed;

          Capitalism has to yet succeed.                                


6.       Cursed is the wretched land

          Where  power changes not from hand to hand.


7.       Democracy is not all that neat

          When people don't have much to eat.    


8.       There's more in common than seem it might

          'Tween the extreme left and the extreme right.       


9.       Tyrants cannot hold their sway

          If dumb soldiers do not them obey.      


10.     Politics is a dirty game,

But some have to play it, all the same.  



1.       A healthy society must people link

          Who don't the same way always think. 


3.       Society will to ruin come

If duty-free, all become.


4.       When values aren't to children taught

          Society will surely begin to rot.


5.       Ordered society is attained

          When human instincts are restrained.


6.       If each one cares for another one

          Society’s chores will all be done.


7.       Some who try to society change

          Have their own problems rather strange.


8.       A society which clings to values old

          Is like a slave who's to ancients sold.


9.       A society needs some leaders great

          Whom the young will want to emulate.


10.     A society is more than a people-group,

More than chunks and salt there is to soup.






1.       We are frank and open when with friends

          But with strangers all the frankness ends.


2.       A single person can get things done

          Faster than a committee, with much less fun.


3.       A party is where many people meet

          To gossip, pretend, hors d’oeuvres eat.


4.       In groups where people laugh and joke

          There’s often a mean, and sulky bloke.


5.       When people gather to worship and pray

          One should not think of a joke to say.


6.       When an army-officer takes one to task,

          About his health and family he doesn't ask.


7.       The respect that people for a leader express

          Oft depends on his distance and also his dress.


8.       With strangers we see in a plane or train

          Oft a distance we maintain.


9.       In every meeting that you attend

          You’ll meet or make a  passing friend.


10.     Is there a meeting where people will dare

To show up just  in an underwear?









1.       The mind is for play; its antics are toys.

          The heart is for love: the fount of all joys.    


2.       Locks can't break, nor probing seep

          Into the secret thoughts that people keep.              


3.       Thought is beyond touch or sight;

          Its speed far more than that of light.                     


4.       We know lots of things, but never can find

What’s going on in another’s mind.                  


5.       Logic can expose stupidity;

          Yet can’t prove its own validity.                    


6.       Trying to prove  that logic is great

          Is like giving oneself a certificate.               


7.       Arguments are just for fun;

          Truth isn't oft with the one who won.   


8.       Even if logic can atheism prove:

          From head to heart God can move.


9.       More wondrous than stars and electric trains

          Are complex systems known as brains. 


10.     New ideas flow from the human brain

          When a break there is in the logic chain.




1.       Cure for body’s ills is medicine;

          It’s not redemption from moral sin.


 2.      Aspirin relieves the pain, it’s true,

          Of good and of bad people too.


3.       For body’s health  from sickness, medication;

          For peace of mind and saneness, meditation.


4.       Which is stronger: matter or mind?

          See effects of medicines, and you can find.


5.       Alter-medicine is a good deal more

Than what is found in ancient lore.


6.       Love and caring also can

          Lessen the pain of an ailing man.


7.       Doctors, when they cure a man

          Change God's plan for his lifespan.      


8.       A doctor treating with  a medicine

          Is like a mechanic repairing an engine.


9.       When doctors try to save a life,

          They're engaged with God in a bitter strife.


10.     Medicines may even improve your health.

          But the ultimate cure for birth is death.




1.       Phenomena in the world around

          Are energy changes that abound.


2.       Force moves bodies: is a very wrong notion;

          Force causes only change in motion.               


3.       Light reveals to us many a scene;

          But light itself can never be seen.


4.       A perfect engine there never can be:

          In physics they call this the SLT.


 5.      The universe is just one unit

          'Cause of the weakest force that's in it.        


6.       Space-time and matter’s mystery

          Were born from  broken symmetry.     


7.       If gloom and doom you wish to find

          Get astrophysics in your mind.


8.       With finite facts found from the earth

          We still can talk of cosmic birth.


9.       When all the fields are unified,

          There still will be things unverified.


10.     Space and time, young Einstein found

          Are each to the other for ever bound.





1.       Science is not wheels and springs;

          It's search for the how and why of things.


2.       When and how the world began

          Can but be guessed by the mind of Man.        


3.       Curiosity may kill the cat,

          But there’s no science without that.                         


4.       For the puzzles plaguing the human mind

          Science tries coherent  answers to find.


5.       The sun and moon we all have seen;

          Yet, to know them well, so few are keen.        


6.       Science isn’t just eating the cake;

          It's how the cake we manage to make.  


7.       The grandest notions of science's great

          Have been revised: That's their fate.            


8.       Tomorrow's finding may throw away

          A science's doctrine of today.                                


9.       Do we try in vain to all explain

          Bad and good and joy and pain?  


10.     To enjoy science's fruits, they also try

          Who know naught of science, or science decry.





1.       The sun will be dark some distant day.

          No life will be here, so they say.                   


2.       The atoms in what today is you,

          Were elsewhere once, will leave you too.


3.       Green plants spring from light and mud;

          And make our body's bright red blood.


4.       Computers do not new things make,

          For pure logic cannot make mistake.              


5.       Coal and gas burn only when

          There's around some oxygen.


6.       The world looks the way it does

          Because of the scale of each of us.                


7.       The air we breathe, this we can tell:

          Has been through others as well.


8.       The ancients thought that it was so:

          But Man wasn’t made in toto.


9.       The forms and names of a constellation

          Are products of human imagination.


10.     All the energy of stars and sun

          Come from solar nuclear fusion.




1.       Technology turns evil indeed

          When it stirs up the base human greed.                   


 2.      Technology is an unwitting sin;

          It has put us in the mess we’re in.                                     


3.       When first we had science's taste

          No one knew of nuclear waste!                      


4.       Technology isn't a blessing pure;

          For many ailments it's both cause and cure.             


5.       Industry moves things so fast

          Life may become a thing of the past.                       


6.       When a great invention has been made,

          It causes newer ones and jobs and trade.                 


7.       What once a luxury was indeed,

          Soon becomes a thing of need.                       


8.       Technology is much like sin;

          Enjoyable, but it'll do you in.                        


9.       Machines do their jobs so well

          Because they have no stories to tell.              


10.     We should all great respect feel

For the one who made the world's first wheel.





1.       Love is great and knowledge good.

But please choose love, if choose you should.  


2.       With the ones we like, we’re always glad;

Sans the ones we love, we become sad.  


3.       Acts of love and a heart-felt vote

Do not wait for a thank-you note.                  


4.       If love without marriage, is disdainful,

Marriage without love can be truly painful.   


5.       A house is made of brick and wood.

A home is made with love and food.      


6.       Love is grand, love is lofty;

Even if it just be biochemistry. 


7.       Love since times very, very ancient

Has often been rather transient.         


8.       Who loves the same one till age eighty

May be happier than with variety.


9.       Who declare, “I can’t live without you!”

Do survive, when they’re forced to.


10.     Love eternal is a grand illusion

That’s fed by blind or mindless passion. 




1.       A wedding is a formal break,

When leave of parents, children take.


2.       A married woman who keeps her name

Has a man’s name just the same.           


3.       The bride and groom who match today

From each other may drift away.         


4.       All creatures mate to propagate

Humans mate ‘cause sex is great.                   


5.       Marry not just for caste and creed

Don't think of humans as animal breed.          


6.       They tell the world, when they wed,

That one with th'other will now go to bed.     


7.       On the wedding day of your little one  

Another family unit has just begun.               


8.       Even those with firm marital bond

May of another become rather fond.    


9.       Love in marriage should such bond make

That, weak or strong, it’ll never break.


10.     Love is a tree: it grows and it flowers;

Marriage its soil, its sunshine and showers.




1.       The best your child for you can do

          Is to go in life farther than you.


2.       The young should first learn to read.

          This must be their foremost need.        


3.       Guide the young their way to find

          With caring heart and thinking mind.


4.       To have children, some refuse;

          When old, others’ children they have to use.   


5.       If mom and dad get sick and old

          Love for them turns weak and cold.               


6.       When kids are gone, we are alone

          Only if we haven’t a life of our own.


7.       Guide your young with love and trust.

          When they are grown, leave they must. 


8.       If, when young, one quits one’s school,

Later in life, one feels like a fool.


9.       After an age, parenting must end;

          Child should become the parents' friend.


10.     All loves may shift from one to another,

          But mother’s love for child, it will never wither.








1.       The pain that seems for ever to last

          Will some day become of the past.                


2.       Pleasure is sin only when

          It causes pain in someone.                   


3.       Neither intense pleasure nor constant pain,

          The body can for long sustain.                      


4.       Joys and sorrows, great and small

          Will melt some day beyond recall.                 


5.       Tears come when glad or sad;

          But laughter never when things are bad.         


6.       Don't try one's grief to understand;

          Just give a caring, friendly hand.                  


7.       Rejoice this day the best you can;

          Things may turn not as morrow's plan.  


8.       Joy and sorrow to the mind are bound:

          Pleasure and pain in the body found.              


9.       Lust is heightened fantasies

Of thrills with bodies one only sees.


10.     What we like to do, we do with pleasure;

What we have to do, under pressure.    





1.       Food is now what makes you fat,

          But  overeating: Don't forget that.


2.       A rule for losing weight might say:

          The mouth be shut for many a day.                          


3.       Both are white and both feel grainy

          One’s for soup, the other for tea.                  


4.       Fasting is when we eat the least;

          Eating much becomes a feast.


5.       Eating is a supreme pleasure

          If done in its proper measure.


6.       Eat you may on your own,

          But feast you can't, all alone.


7.       There’s more to eating than nourishment:

          It should also be an enjoyment.


8.       Sharing foods without conversation

          Is like dancing alone in isolation.


9.       Each time we eat, let’s also know

          That it’s the farmers who cause foods to grow.


10.     The energy in the food, though not the fun,

Has come to us from the distant sun.




1.       Life isn’t long: take it but lightly.

          Our needs are strong: work not too slightly.  


2.       When gift or kindness comes your way

          "You shouldn't have," one mustn’t say.  


3.       Quench a quarrel before it grows;

          Before it turns to words and blows.     


4.       Care not what your neighbors say

          Of  how you spend your night or day.


5.       Heartily give to one and all                       

          Counsel and help if on you they call.    


6.       Advice none on why or whom

          They should take as bride or groom.    


7.       Don’t try to rid the world of all its weeds,

          Attend to just one person's needs.


8.       Avert the bad, if it's not too late;

          If it has happened, call it fate.


9.       Wish one and all from all your heart

          Happiness of every sort.  


10.     If your choice is between reason and good,

          Reason it out, but choose the good.      



1.       We can be noble, we can be mean,

          Most often we're somewhere in between.       


2.       Reason and morals are cast to dust

          When one is blinded by the fire of lust.                  


3.       Naught we know can the cosmos span

          Save the measuring mind of puny Man. 


4.       For fast and swift orgasmic pleasure

          People have lost their name and treasure.


5.       No one is always good or bad;

          No one for ever is glad or sad.            


6.       The body's beauty is just outside;

          There's blood and flesh and filth inside.        


7.       We have affected the world indeed,

          With thought and word and drastic deed.       


8.       We are the only earthly creature

          That talks of past and thinks of future.


9.       Those who are great and good in fame

          May not at home be quite the same.               


10.     Some are poor and some are wealthy;

Fortunate those who just are healthy.            




1.       There's more to life than  food and drink:

          It's a scope to build, a chance to think.


2.       Life isn’t just for one’s own living:

          It’s also for loving, for sharing and giving.     


3.       Who predict the course of life by star

Oft know not what the stars really are.                  


4.       Time creeps slow from future to past;

          But look behind: it's slipped by fast.   


5.       The world is ruled by physical laws.

But the course of life, it's chance that draws.          


6.       Take not life too seriously

          Nor treat it rather frivolously.           


7.       Life is precious, there’s much to do.                                  

Care for and respect other lives too.             


8.       On Time's endless, evolving line

We are but dots invisibly fine.                     


9.       Between the stretches of future and past,

          Only a moment do we really last.         


10.     Life is for laughing, loving, and crying,

          Some reflecting, and then just dying.   






1.       Those who're richer, envy them not;

          Share with the poorer whatever you've got.   


2.       Hurting none in body or mind

          Is the noblest law that you can find. 


3.       Let ire and hateful attitude

          Be allowed only in solitude.


4.       Do good to some, to all be kind;

          Even if searching, no God you find.                


5.       When you are right and also strong,

          Help the weak, and correct the wrong.           


6.       If a hurt results that you did not will,

          Feel no guilt, but be helpful still.        


7.       Expect not, but always say

          "Thanks" to someone every day.          


8.       Smile at someone every day,

          And to someone kind words say.


9.       Trim the trees and cut the grass

          But in the home let love not pass.


10.     You may for yourself much expect:

          Remember to always others respect.






1.       The tiny earth that seems but naught

          Is home for life and art and human thought.


2.       I know not what our planet gains

          From all the life that it sustains.         


3.       Who can imagine a lifeless earth

          Sans pain and joy, sans death and birth?                 


4.       The earth is a stupendous place indeed

          On which billions thrive and daily feed.                   


5.       We can't destroy the land and sea.

          When we are gone, they still will be.             


6.       Earth is the only home that a human has:

          Amidst stars and all th’interstellar gas.         


7.       To sustain life many things are there:

          Like land and water, light and air.                 


8.       Unique is earth, not in size or mass:

          But because of  water and a cloak of gas.      


9.       Mars too cold, Venus too hot,

          But earth is right for life and human thought. 


10.     Jupiter’s too big, Pluto too dark

          Earth is right for Life’s bright spark.           





1.       Nature is just, Nature is blind.

          It turns into God when it's also kind.             


2.       Birds and beasts and fowl and fish

          Know naught of stars, nor make a wish.                    


3.       If trees talked and we understood,

          We wouldn’t chop and burn their wood.


4.       Stars are small, the sun does rise;

          These, in fact, are Nature's lies.


5.       Systems that have pleasure and pain

          Cannot stable for long  remain.            


6.       Fruits and flowers may grow and bloom

          When we all have passed our day of doom.     


7.       At Nature's beauty, if no one looks,

          Is wasteful as unopened books.            


8.       Human beings everywhere

          With joy at rainbows always stare.               


9.       From colors do wonders come to pass,

          Like the bright red sun and lush green grass!  


10.     The seasons and the lunar phases,

          Are Nature’s breathing and making faces.      





1.       Peace, not war, will be the fashion

          When the motive force is pure compassion.


2.       It's not yet peace when guns don't kill,         

          If nations live in distrust still.                      


3.       While hunger, ill-health their tolls do take,

          Bombs and arms we still do make.                  


4.       The world will be a beautiful place

          If we respect every creed and race.             


5.       It's through love, rather than hate

          That we can better mankind's future fate.     


6.       Let's think about the distant stars

          ‘stead of making all our hurtful wars.            


7.       ‘Tis not by force and armèd might

          That victory comes in every fight.                 


8.       When a nation needs food and schools;

Tanks and bombs are bought by fools. 


9.       In places of worship that abound

One must search for kinship with all around.  


10.     Not war, but peace, in our hearts we feel,

Unless we happen in weapons to deal.   




1.       How come there is a world out there,

          And I, of it, become aware?                         


2.       Nowhere in the Cosmos do we find

          Anything like the human mind.              


3.       Though stars may waves radiate,

          Thoughts from them don't emanate.                                                                         

4.       Novas, stars, like fish and trees

          Don’t seem to know our species.           


5.       Near distant stars we yet may find

          Life of another form and kind.            


6.       Silent stars are far and bright;

          They care not a whit for the human plight.     


7.       No final goal the world has willed:

          Each moment is a task fulfilled.           


8.       Forms and shapes on the heavenly scene

          Have been by human beings seen.                   


9.       Frightened, pious they once became

          When to the skies a comet came.          


10.     In the limitless stretch of space and time

Only the human mind can think and rhyme.                         




1.       None of us is fully free,

          We're all parts of a cosmic tree.                            


2.       There is no tight and opaque wall:

          We live in a web, connecting all.


3.       Every plant and every creature

          Has a role to play in the world of Nature.               


4.       Mystics claim they've found at last

          The Oneness in the Cosmos vast.          


5.       A spark from the Grand Cosmic Whole

          Shines in every human soul.                                     


6.       Even the sun so far away,

          On distant Pluto holds its sway.           


7.       There's not a spot in the cosmos vast

          Where EM waves have not been cast.            


8.       Not just for us that the world is there;

          It's for all of us to share.         


9.       We are like leaves on a sturdy tree

          Whose roots lie deep in mystery.         


10.     Through matter, energy we all are bound,

And through ideas, traditions, all around.







1.       Lives and seasons come and go

          All this is part of the cosmic show.                


2.       Every change is caused by a change

          And itself caused another change.        


3.       The world evolves when changes come;

          Yet, some people's views don't new become.   


4.       Time makes changes, it would seem.

          But it's change that causes time to stream.     


5.       To see the world as time flows back

          Just run a movie on the reverse track.           


6.       No Man-made rule or authority

          Is meant for all eternity.                    


7.       Too many changes may ruin a nation,

          Too few can cause just stagnation.                          


8.       Who their habits suddenly change

          Appear to us as rather strange.           


9.       Not every change does progress make

          But every progress some change does take.    


10.     All kinds of changes are possible

          Most of them, irreversible.





1.       Faiths that say that God is One

          Fight among them, all said and done 


2.       The sun that gives us life and breath,

If too close it is, will spell our death.            


3.       The blood by Aspirin is made thinner,

Whether of  saint or of  sinner.


4.       God, they say, is everywhere,

Yet churches, temples and mosques are there.


5.       "Kill Rushdie!" He made that ugly sound.

Now he too has gone underground.


6.       That land has been by hatred torn

          Where the Prince of Peace, they say, was born.


7.       Shadows of all by the sun are thrown;

But not a shadow of its own.


8.       Astrology has failed again and again,

          But credibility, it does retain.


9.       Science has awakened the human mind,

          But its impacts on thinking hard to find.


10.     “Love, be kind!” all religions state:

          Yet religious people fight and hate.




1.       Life is but a bumbling blast

          From unseen future to changeless past.


2.       There’s something wrong, something bad

If one can’t be happy or even sad.                 


3.       Life is for crying and for laughter,

Who knows what comes in the hereafter.


4.       In human life, this much is plain:

          One cannot take on another’s pain.       


5.       When people fight to get some food

          They can't be in a romantic mood.                           


6.       The urge to eat  keeps each alive;

          That for sex makes the species thrive.           


7.       If humans had just fingers three,

          Our counting mode would different be.                   


8.       Not always smooth, life presents instead

          Conflicts between heart and head.


9.       So many things are not our choice:

          Like parents, birthday, and our voice.


10.     Intrinsic worth is not in the face,

          Nor in one’s faith, height or race.




1.       It's sad when folks of a certain age

          Are treated just like old garbage.                 


2.       Retirement is the boss-less chance

          To read and write and play and dance. 


3.       Old age doesn’t mean the day is done:

          Just time to give up physical fun.        


4.       When  mind is gone and body spent,               

          What use is it to death prevent?


5.       Old age is bad when there’s none to care,

          One is alone, no friends are there.


6.       Don’t worry about your aging face:

It’ll all be gone without a trace.


7.       In old age bring a child some joy:

          With songs and stories, or just a toy.


8.       In retirement, teach someone to read:

          Answer to someone else’s need.


9.       Lucky are the old who are wealthy;

          And blessed the old who are healthy.


10.     Lose not zest for life, even when old.   

          That happens only when the body is cold.





1.       Fact is what there seems to be;

          Truth is how it seems to me.                          


2.       Truth is not a thing you own,

          It is a view of a precious stone. 


3.       Things aren’t always false or true;

          Much may be there half way through.   


4.       To claim I alone  the Truth do hold

          Is being more silly than being bold.                        


5.       If you possess the Ultimate Truth

          You’ll have at ninety every tooth.


6.       How can one with a finite mind

          Infinite Truth ever find?                   


7.       Truth is an image, in mind is formed

          By what and how we are informed.       


8.       The truth that we by thinking find

Is a concoction of the human mind.       


9.       Who claims all truth, isn’t an ass:

He can be vicious, if power he has.


10.     We'll never know what It's all  about;

          It cannot ever be here found out.                  




1.       May the food we eat be well prepared!

          May the joys of life with friends be shared!


2.       May hateful thoughts that mar our lives

          Be shunned no matter what arrives.      


3.       As a body needs a soul for fun.

          May our home have bodies more than one.      


4.       No matter how much we think or know,

          Let’s always to others respect show.                        


5.       No matter what our cause or creed,

          Let not hate or rage move us to deed.


6.       Let’s be good and kind ‘cause it's swell,

          Not because there’s heaven or hell.


7.       Let’s pray for the good, and hardships face,

          For everyone of the human race.


8.       Let's do each day an act that is kind

          To anyone whom we happen to find.


9.       Let’s remember there is nothing gained

          If another human is in some way pained.


10.     Let’s do our part to make come true

All our prayers and wishes too.




1.       Death is the last and mute retreat

          From work and care and drink and eat.


2.       King or saint, bird or fly,

          All earthly creatures must some day die.       


3.       The one who is dead and forever gone

          Cares not for those who continue on.              


4.       We can't recall our days in womb;

          Nor hear the wails on our way to tomb.                   


5.       When death arrives, we all do wail

          Though we know it is of no avail.                                      


6.       Where are the smiles, and where the sighs

          When one at last lies down and dies?             


7.       The departed do not care a hoot

          If all their wealth one tries to loot.              


8.       May whatever we leave behind                      

          Include words and actions that are kind.        


9.       We stand up to walk, sit down to eat;

          We lie down at last our Maker to meet.


10      Is death a trip to heaven or hell,

          Or the end of all? None can tell.








1.       If fish could sing and dance for us,

          Would we catch and fry and eat them thus?   


2.       Is it real or just a dream,

          This conscious flicker on the eternal stream?          


3.       Little babes that laugh and play,

          What gods and angels worship they?                       


4.       Why were miracles, like some crimes,

          Much more common in ancient times?    


5.       If Venusian clouds filled our air,

          Would we have known that stars are there?   


6.       A belief may be mindless, even blind.

          If it harms no one, should one mind?              


7.       Do flowers blossom, do birds coo

          To give some joy to me and you?          


8.       Why should the rich we respect

          If one can’t from them ought expect?  


9.       If Soviet missiles on the U.S. rain,

          Whence will they get their jeans and grain?   


10.     Is matter in motion the only thing

That makes us dance and love and sing?





1.       If racists hadn't done their thing,

          Would the Nobel Prize have gone to King?


2.       If heaven had not Hitler sent

          Would Ike have become President?               


3.       If Chinese Reds bring their might to bear,

          Would the world become a Chinaman's Square?


4.       If the English hadn't crossed the sea

          Would India now be growing tea?        


5.       If spices didn't in East abound,

          Would there be Mayans still around?  


6.       If no cassette tapes were in gay Paree,

          Would Iran’s history different be?


7.       If the Prophet had not had a sign,

          Would there be peace in Palestine?


8.       If Muslims hadn’t gone on and on

          Would there be now a Pakistan?


9.       If the Moors had not to Europe come

          Would Europe have the decimal system?


10.     If the West had not to Arabia come

          Would Arabs have petroleum?






1.       If up in China Moses grew,

          Would God have spoken in Hebrew?              


2.       If the Vedas were in Iceland sung,

          Would Sanskrit be a sacred tongue?             


3.       During the eons when Man wasn't there,

          Who prayed to God, who asked Him to care?  


4.       If God made Man in His image

          Why does he grow so wrinkled with age?       


5.       If the Turin shroud is of Christ,

          Does that make Him a greater Light?   


6.       Why then did God wait so long

          To include Man in his glorious song?                        


7.       Can a just almighty God on high

          Let hungry children starve and die?     


8.       Wouldn’t heaven and hell empty be

          If monkeys had n'er come down from tree?*  


9.       How can the world be a divine plan

          When it includes things like the Ku Klux Klan?         


10.     Should hell and heaven be brought to mind

To eschew bad, be good and kind?                 






1.       Powerless rage of a mindless band

Oft burn the flag of another land.


2.       Saying good of a race won’t hurt you

Even if it’s not entirely true.


3.       Rabbi,  priest, Imam and Pope

          Bring not peace, but lots of hope.                                     


4.       There's no God, did the Buddha say;

          So they made him God, when he passed away.


5.       Those in power make or mar

          The institutions where they are.


6.       Unseen forces affect us too

          In things we think we alone do.  


7.       Great may moral precepts sound;

          But they also tell that sins abound.      


8.       When a teacher calls a question swell,

          It means he knows its answer well.       


9.       In the state of sleep, the short and tall,

          Are equals as are kings and all.  


10.     What a human brain to a human tells

          Would change, if made of something else.


Explanations and Notes


I.2.3. In the ancient world view diseases were caused by the devil or evil spirits which were invisible. Today we attribute diseases to bacteria and viruses which too are beyond direct perception.


I.3.1. The great physicist mathematician Pierre Simone de Laplace referred to God as a hypothesis he did not need to account for the motion of celestial bodies.


I.3.4. Music: difficult to conceive in the abstract, but very meaningful and satisfying in one of its countless expressions  as songs and symphonies. The same is true of the mythological representations of the divine in some religions.   


I.3.8. This would be the modern version of the Book of Genesis. Even if we accept the (current) scientific view that the world began with a Big Bang, one may attribute it to the Will of God.


I.3.9. Before He could say “Let there be Light,” God must have created sound. Also, light is only a narrow band of the more sweeping electro-magnetic spectrum.


II.1.2. Many wise men and women over the ages have spoken and preached. But not all of them have had enthusiastic, energetic, and capable followers and admirers. Only those who have been fortunate in this respect, are remembered by future generations.


II.1.6. The historical study of any religion reveals its contextual significance, and often tends to shake one’s faith in the absoluteness of the religion.


II.1.9. The authors of the sacred texts of ancient times were undoubtedly among the most brilliant and awakened minds of the human family. Their insights and interpretations were based on current knowledge and understanding. If they were to come back to life, they will most likely want to offer re-editions of their works, based on more recent findings. Smaller minds of later generations, not recognizing this, and believing they are paying homage to ancient masters, repeats and embraces literally everything uttered by those extraordinary people.


II.2.2. The question is often asked, “Have religions done good or bad to the human family.” When we examine the matter closely, we find that as long as the members of a religious community holding the same set of beliefs function together, they derive much spiritual enrichment and communal joy. However, when they encounter people of a different faith, their behavior tends to become less charitable, more arrogant, and often downright combative. One’s level of spiritual enlightenment may be measured in terms of one’s reaction upon encountering people of a different religious persuasion.


II.2.6. Karl Marx propagated the view that all religions are provoked by economic factors. Not necessarily. Often people have to war for religious reasons: to convert heathen to the “right religion,” or to recover a piece of land from people of heretical beliefs.


II.2.9. There is no doubt that religions have a very important role to play in all societies. But much confusion and trouble can arise if religion transgresses its role and responsibility and encroaches into other domains, in particular, science and politics.


II.3.2. When a writing is considered sacred, it must not be critically analyzed if one does not wish to affect one’s implicitly reverential attitude towards it. The effect of analysis will be to engender a different (and not necessarily less respectful) feeling towards sacred writings, but it will no longer be one of deeply felt (non-rational) reverence. Yet, theologians do this all the time.        


II.4.4. The principal teaching of the Jain religion is ahimsa: no injury (to any living creature).


II.4.5. The Buddha (Enlightened One) taught for spiritual advancement one must avoid the extremes of constant indulgence of physical pleasure and ascetic self-mortification for God realization.


II.4.6. The oft-repeated credo of Islam is: La ilaha il-Allah, Muhammad-un Rasulu-llah: There is no God but Allah, and Mohammed is his Prophet.


II.4.7. The word sikh connotes a disciple. Sikhism preaches implicit reverence for the ten Gurus (founding-masters of the religion), and frequent repetition (japa) of the Lord’s name.


II.4.8. Native-American religious spirit is expressed in respect and regard for the physical environment which enables us to survive on the planet.


II.4.9. Ultimate wisdom, some Chinese philosophers have said, consists in being  at peace with oneself and in harmony with the world, and this is achieved by being one with Nature.     



III.1.6. What makes a play enjoyable and successful is good dialogue. The conversation of most people, even when interesting, is not often witty and clever. A good playwright accomplishes this with his/her humor and skill with words.


III.6.9. An important difference between an artistic creation and a scientific discovery is that the former can result from the efforts of a single individual, whereas the latter is invariably linked to the work of other scientists.


III.1.10. Take a single truth on any subject: Nature, the human condition, a flower, whatever, and there can be a thousand different artistic visions of it. On the other hand, science encapsulated the fundamental truth underlying a myriad phenomena that we see. In other words, art particularizes a general truth, and science generalizes particular facts.


III.2.6. Many saints and sages have decried the use of books and knowledge. But their names and thoughts would have been long forgotten if scholars did not write books about them.


III.2. 7. Many well-meaning, but unoriginal, scholars simply repeat with great respect and reverence what other writers and thinkers have said. This is merely saluting those who are no more.


III.3.3. People have tried to justify certain fundamental moral principles by reasoning and argumentation. This is a wasteful exercise because such logically derived systems can always be challenged. Morality springs from the inner core of evolved human beings. While professors of ethics may discuss it in courses and books, the practitioners does not need any more justification for being good and kind than a person of faith needs a scientific proof for the existence of God.  


III.4.2. One of the myths entertained by non-scientists is that scientific understanding of nature deprives us of aesthetic and mystical experience. This is not quite true.        


III.4.3. Some mystics have compared spiritual bliss to sexual delight magnified a hundred fold.


I.4.6. It is possible to communicate the findings of science through words and formulas. But it is impossible to communicate the intense joy that mystics claim to experience.


III.4.7. An important distinction between the statements of mystics and those of scientists is that mystical revelations are culture dependent: A Christian mystic will never report having a vision of Kali or Vishnu, nor a Buddhist have a vision of Virgin Mary.


III.4.10. Not impossible but not very common either, at least in the normally accepted sense of mystic experience.


III. 5.1. Recall: The pen is mightier than the sword. 


III.5.4. Many controversies may be avoided if people clearly define the terms they use.


III.5.5. The Latin word for six is sex. The Greek word for six is hex.


III.5.9. Speeches by inspiring orators, as illustrated in Mark Anthony’s speech in Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar; or pronouncements of spiritual leaders, like Sermon on the Mount,  have indeed affected the course human history.

-------------------------------------------------------------------IV.1.5. For example, throwing someone into prison for a year may be the punishment for a crime. But the impact will be different if the offender is a common criminal or a former governor of a state.


IV.1.8. People who live through life without doing a spot of work are indeed parasites on society.


IV.1.9. One of the ironies of human civilization is that although we grow and waste vast quantities of food, there are still hungry people in our world. It is amazing, and certainly deplorable, that we as a species have not been able to come up with a global economic system under which no human being will b hungry.


IV.2.3. The Babylonians recognized only seven bodies in the sky that seemed to move differently than the stars: the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn. To each of these, they consecrated a day. This is the origin of our seven-day week. If they already had powerful telescopes, they would have noticed Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto too, and we would have ended up with a ten day week!


IV.2.5. Practically all cultures in human history have committed acts of which they ought to be ashamed. 


IV.2.7. No matter what, no national history is without names and deeds of which a people are proud. Indeed, this is a necessary condition for any history. If there are no obvious records of great personages in the history of a people, one ought to invent some. This may have been the motivating force for mythology and pseudo-history wherein great achievements are attributed to legendary figures.


IV.4.3. In our times news is much more than what happened: It also includes for what reason it happened.


IV.5.3. The major crime of apartheid in South Africa was not, as was generally believed, the unjust and inhuman treatment of a section of its population, because this (criminal though it was) has been practiced in many other nations of the world, including the ones that were (rightly) condemning the South African government. The major crime was that even after most other nations had rejected such a policy from their laws, as being immoral and unbecoming of our times, South Africa continued.


IV.5.10. There is so much communication, cross-fertilization, and intermingling going on in our times that during the impending century, all the unpleasant barriers of East and West may crumble down, and some of the best human potentials may come to full expression.


IV.8.7.         For example, if you see the Pope in a swimming costume relaxing near you at the beach, you are likely to show him far less formal respect than when you see him in the balcony of the Vatican.



V.1.5. Proving the validity of logic assumes its validity; hence it is begging the question.       


V.1.7. The validity of this statement is seen frequently in courts of law. 


V.1.8. Faith in God is not established by logical proofs, but by inner convictions which transcend rationality.


V.1.10. Human brains are capable of functioning “illogically” and “irrationally.” It is this capacity that enables them to imagine, fantasize,  and create, because in all these instances the mind goes beyond or away from what pure rational thinking would allow.


V.2.5. Alternative medicine is not all based on ancient medical systems. Ancient medical treatises seriously wrong concepts and medications. Alternative medicine includes much of modern medicine in terms of understanding the nature and functions of the human body, let alone the pharmaceutical components.


V.3.1. Everything that occurs in the physical involves a transformation or transfer of energy.


V.3.2. One of the gross misconceptions of ancient science which persists to this day is that force is responsible for motion. The break from ancient physics occurred when it was realized that force causes acceleration (change in motion), not velocity (motion).


V.3.3. When light travels from one body to another, we cannot “see” that light. At night, for example, space is flooded sun light. Only that portion of it which is reflected back to our eyes from the moon and some planets affect us.  


V.3.4. The so-called Second Law of Thermodynamics (SLT) states that a one hundred per cent efficient engine is impossible even in principle.


V.3.5. There are four fundamental forces in the physical world of considerably varying strengths. The weakest of these is gravitation. The solar system, our own galaxy, and all the galaxies, are held to one another because of gravitation. If gravitation weren’t there, the various components of the universe would disperse away.


V.3.6. According to current physical theories, the four fundamental forces in the universe, and hence all matter as we know it, came into existence because of something called symmetry breaking.


V.3.7. Astrophysics informs us that eventually (a few billion years from now) out sun would have died, the earth would be orbiting in darkness, and, of course, there would be no life on any planet in the solar system.          And the same would happen to every star and in every planetary system.


V.3.9. It is naïve to think (as some cock-sure physicists do) that once all the fundamental fields are brought under a Grand Unified Theory, that would be the Theory of Everything, and then there will be nothing more left in the world to be explained!


V.3.10. According the famous Theory of Relativity (of Einstein), space and time are not (as used to be thought) separate and independent categories, but are intrinsically intertwined into the space-time continuum.   


V.4.4. A common misconception is that science is the exploitation of nature for practical purposes. Science is merely an effort to understand and explain every aspect of the world around us.       


V.4..7 In historical terms, few scientific theories last for ever. At the very least, they get modified and improved upon. At worst, they are rejected on the basis of later findings and insights.


V.3.10. Even the virulent critics of science, and philosophers who claim science does not reveal the Truth, continue to benefit from the fruits of science. No alternate mode of understanding the world has as yet produced anything whose practical value is greater than that based on science.


V.4.2. Ultimately our bodies are of made up of atoms. These enter the body through the food we eat and the air we breathe. They were once elsewhere on the planet. When we die, these atoms go back to the environment.


V.4.4. The difference between scientific and non-scientific explanations of phenomena lies in the coherence and consistency between theory and observation.


V.5.4. See V.1.10.


V.5.5 It is sometimes stated that we get our energy from oil, gas, coal, etc. This is only partially true. We cannot get eany energy from them if there is no oxygen. 


V.5.10. When the nuclei of atoms merge with one another (fuse together), some matter disappears and vast amounts of energy are liberated. This process is continuously occurring in the core of our sun and other stars and is responsible for their light and heat.


V.6.7. For example, today it is impossible to be without the telephone system in New York, or computers in the country. These have become necessities. Yet, for long centuries we have lived without these.


VI.3.4. Some people refuse to have children because they are bothersome, and impose a responsibility. They think they can live without children.  However, when such people grow old the need the help of much younger people who have been brought up by other parents.


VIII.2.4. Nature creates many illusions, of which the size of stars and the rising and setting of the sun are but two examples.


VIII.2.5. This could well be a reason why very creature has to die.       


VIII.5.6. The planet Pluto is some two billion miles from the sun. Yet it moves in its orbit in perfect accordance with the force of gravitation exerted on it by the sun.


VIII.5.7. Electromagnetic waves are known to pervade every nook and corner of physical space.



IX.1.3. All impressions of time flow result from changes occurring in the physical world. In effect, there will be no flow of time if things never changed.


IX.1.10. Changes are of two kinds: reversible and irreversible. The latter kinds result in the arrow of time, because such changes occur only along a single direction. The motion of a pendulum in a vacuum is an example of reversible changes. There is no arrow of time in this case. If we take a movie of a swinging pendulum and project it on a screen one canot say if it is running forwards or backwards. This will not be so with an irreversible change.


IX.2.1. If Japan had not attacked Pearl Habor, the U.S. would not have declared war on Japan, and Japan would not have lost the war, and been economically reinstated by American aid.                


IX.2.4. If God is everywhere, why do we need special places for worship?


IX.2.7. Eclipses are caused by the moon’s or the earth’s shadow due to the sun. But there can be no shadow of the sun.


IX.2.9. Even though Science has exploded many ancient superstitions, these continue to have great influence on the minds of many people even in this day and age.

X.1.1 The Reverend Martin Luther King received the Nobel Prize for Peace because of his non-violent fight against the racists of the South in the United States.


X.1.3. This refers to the ruthless quelling of a student movement by students in Tianaman Square in Pejing. 


X.1.4. Tea was transplanted from China in India by the British.                       

X.1.5. It was in his attempt to find a route to the lands of the spices in the East that Christopher Columbus discovered the  continent of the Aztecs and the Mayans who cultures were eventually decimated Europeans.   


X.1.6. It was from Paris that the Ayatollah Khomeni made his revolution-instigating cassette tapes which were smuggled into and widely distributed all over Iran, leading to the overthrow of the Shah.


X.1.7. The Prophet Mohammed once reported that he had a dream to the effect that he was received in Jerusalem where a magical horse called Buraq took him to Heaven and back to the Wailing Wall. This is the basis on which Jerusalem became a holy place for Muslims.


X.1.8. Islamic imperialism spread far and wide. When it reached India, millions of Hindus were converted over the centuries. Eventually, when the British left India, the Muslim population (or at least some its leaders) insisted on getting a separate Muslim nation for themselves. This is the origin of Pakistan.


X.1.9. Arab scholars translated Hindu books on mathematics (which contained the decimal system), and these permeated into Southern Spain which was occupied by the Moors. Thence the decimal system spread to other European countries.


X.1.10. The first successful oil drilling was achieved by E. L. Drake in Titusville, PA, in 1859; thence it spread all over the world, reaching exploitative dimensions when it spread to Saudi Arabia.


X.2.5. The atmosphere of Venus is made up of very thick clouds of carbon dioxide through which light cannot penetrate.


X.2.6. Beliefs, right or wrong,  are of two kinds: those that are harmful to oneself or others (like beliefs of race superiority), and those that are quite harmless (that we will go to heaven after death). 


X.2.9. These lines were written during the Cold War, during which time the USSA was importing grains from the U.S.


X.2.10. The philosopher René Descartes said that the whole world is nothing but matière en mouvement (matter in motion). This was considered for long to be the only  ultimate and essential truth about the physical universe.


X.3.5. In the 1970s there was some scientific/religious controversy as to whether a certain shroud found in Turin was in deed the one used by Christ.


X.3.6. According to current scientific reckoning the universe came into being more than twelve billion years ago, and human beings barely three million years ago.


X.3.7. Perhaps one (theological, but to most people unacceptable) answer to this question could be that while God is merciful and kind and full of love, God is not all-powerful. There is also a merciless, unkind, and hateful         principle operating in the universe (not all-powerful either), and it takes directs the course of our lives sometimes.     


X.3.8. If indeed Homo Sapiens evolved from apes, and there is heaven and hell, then this question becomes very relevant.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------XI.4   The Buddha asked his disciples not to worry about God, but simply to live righteously and with compassion. But after his death temples were built for him, and he has been worshipped over the ages as a God by millions of people.


XI.5. Most often even the most worthwhile institutions in the world (universities, churches, parliaments, industries) are made great or  rotten by the kinds of people who occupy positions of authority there.  


XI.6. We tend to think we alone accomplish this or that. In fact, however, there are a great many unperceived factors that aid or hinder what we do: absence of an earthquake, tolerable weather conditions, good health, emotional stability from relationships, etc.


XI.7. The enunciation of an ethical principle to a group implies that many in the group did not adhere to it. For example, one would not say, “Thou shalt not spit on the floor” to opera goers, but one may say, “Thou shalt not speak to each other” in a movie theater.


XI.8. Teachers usually describe a question from a student in class as: good (if the teacher was about to answer it anyway); great or swell (if the teacher knows the answer himself); and very interesting (if he does not know the answer, in which case he asks the students to think about it before coming to class the next day.