The Idea of the Internet was long in the making. The idea of a cloud where information could be shared dates back to the 1900s to Nikola Tesla. It started as ARPAnet (The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) which was an idea that came from frustration of researchers across the united states. People were getting tired of there being a limited number of powerful research computers that were separated geographically from the researchers themselves. Today a lot of people say that ARPAnet was created out of military necessity, but when Bob Taylor proposed the idea to ARPA he was coming from a research perspective. He had come from NASA to ARPA and was looking for a way to connect all of the ARPA- funded projects.
Essentially the Internet is a network that provides information using File/ Data Transfer Protocol. There are many different kinds of protocol based on what you want to transfer. A simple list of these would be:
- FTP ( File Transfer Protocol)
- SSH (Secure Shell)
- SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
- DNS (Domain Name System)
- HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
- HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol over SSL/TLS)
You may think that the World Wide Web is the same thing as the internet. You would be wrong. The Internet allows your connectivity, but the web is something in its own. Tim-Berners Lee invented the world wide web in 1969. The first direct IP connection didn’teven happen in 1988 between Europe and North America. He wa s presented with the question of“How will we keep track of such a large project ” and soon he proposed the solution of linked information systems. There was problems with having a tree of information because it was extremely inflexible and so they came up with the idea of Hypertext. Lee was the one that proposed the idea of HTTP and put it to use and soon after it came out people were pushed to the internet and forward development with the creation of search engines like Gopher and eventually Google.